I decided to write about Machu Picchu because I have it on my travelling list and I honestly thing that it’s one of the ancient wonders of the world.
Machu Picchu is an ancient villiage built 2430 meters about sea level in the Cusco Region of Peru in South America. It’s situated on a mountain that is about “The Sacred Valley” or the “Urubamba Valley”, where the Urubamba river flows. Archaeologists believe that it was built as an estate during the Inca Empire for the Emperor Pachacuti between 1438 – 1472. It’s even referred as the “Lost City of the Incas”. The city was know locally but unknown in the outer world, until in 1911, the American historian Hiram Bingham brought it to international attention, and since the, it has become a popular touristic site. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like and by 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored.
Johan Reinhard, a scholar, believes Machu Picchu to be a sacred religious site, This is because of where Machu Picchu is located. The site is built on and around mountains that hold high religious importance in the Inca culture and in the previous culture that occupied the land. At the highest point of the mountain in which Machu Picchu was named after, there are “artificial platforms and these had a religious function, as is clear from the Inca ritual offerings found buried under them” as Reinhard stated, These platforms also are found in other Incan religious sites so Archaeologists also started to believe and convinced that The Lost City was a religious masterpiece.
The ruins of Machu Picchu are divided into two main sections known as the Urban and Agricultural Sectors, divided by a wall. The Agricultural Sector is further subdivided into Upper and Lower sectors, while the Urban Sector is split into East and West sectors, separated by wide plazas. The wall structures are built in a way in order to not get affected by earthquakes! The space is composed of 140 structures or features, including temples, sanctuaries, residences that include houses with thatched roofs and more than one hundred flights of stone step.
Until now, Machu Picchu remains Peru’s most popular touristic destination, and since it was voted to be one of the world’s 7 wonders, it has gained more popularity; I seriously hope to visit this historical sanctuary soon!